These are spring bloomers that look best when given a prominent spot of their own in which they can spread out. Colleen’s top tips We had pines, eucalyptus, willow, cryptomeria and poplars and a lot of trouble finding sunshine. Once the shelter is established other plants can be planted. Our Cryptomeria were a tall, dark wind block that meant wind passed over and was then ‘dumped’ which is not good when it dumps on your crop and/or your house. While you would not want to plant a small hawthorn where children or pets will be playing, this tree offers beautiful white spring flowers, long-lasting red fruits that are popular with birds, and glowing orange fall foliage. His request was for trees for birds and bees and a home orchard. To get trees and shrubs established in exposed situations, make sure they are securely staked. Home Of Christmas Cashmere Pine Christmas Tree, 8-Feet/244cm. The seed burrs from the trees catch in the fibre and it’s not fun to remove them. Acacia/Wattle Acacia spp. Tree Crops Association – Auckland The flowers are popular with hummingbirds and butterflies. The larger growing varieties make wonderful specimen trees while the smaller growers are great as part of the … There are green- and red-leaf varieties that turn eye-catching shades of red, orange, and purple in the fall. Witch hazel trees have shaggy, citrus-scented blossoms in rich shades of yellow, orange, and red. The flowers can be 10 inches across, giving them their common name of "saucer." There are several excellent species and varieties. The A. glutinosa, if planted very closely, will be able to contain stock when they have reached sufficient density and have been trimmed to form a hedge of about 1.5m in height. Trees & Shrubs Trees & Shrubs 601 results for Trees & Shrubs. Experts from the NZ Tree Crops Association give us their recommendations on some of the best trees for your region, and what to avoid. Magnolia grandiflora is definitely a winner. Japanese maples can be shrubby or small trees with weeping habits or spreading canopies. Cattley guavas (Psidium cattleianum) are known as robust backyard trees that offer the numerous smaller red fruit or larger, more tasty yellow fruit. Small trees New Zealand native small trees are great for any specimen plant in your garden. We heard much about the advantages of alders and promptly planted some: great nitrogen fixer, good bee food but also lots of little seedlings after a few years, and a multitude of little cones on the paving. Top tip: a mix of species in multiple rows will always work better and be less maintenance than a single line of something that needs regular trimming. Pears are much tougher than you might think and I’m trialling them on the ridgeline, with apples further down. ✚ After it’s trimmed, shelter should break about 50% of the wind, while the dissipated air that goes through stops the main air flow over the top descending forcefully. Acacia longifolia (golden wattle) are like a very large shrub producing quite good bushy shelter for a few years, they fix nitrogen like all the Australian acacias, the leaf litter builds up to form a lovely rich mulch under the trees but later in life they become “leggy” and they really only live to around 12 years. We actually built our home out the ones we had milled on site, but we got a shock when a disgruntled neighbour came over and threw a bag of avocados at us. They also grow in more open places where forest was cleared from the land and has now started to grow back. Where: Bombay (50km south of Auckland) I’d include a mixture of pittosporums, alders, banksias, other deciduous trees such as oaks, especially pin oaks (Quercus palustris), scarlet oaks (Quercus coccinea) and English oaks (Quercus robur), liquidamber (Liquidambar styraciflua), flax (Phormium tenax), the odd puriri (Vitex lucens), Griselinia littoralis and any other of your favourite trees. The southern shelter is a mixture of evergreens (for privacy) and deciduous with feijoa and other shrubby bushes to help filter the cold SW winds from the central plateau. Pine trees are ubiquitous, unattractive and can require intensive management. Willows are fast, easy-growing shelter trees but they were planted with early removal in mind and should have been trimmed or cut down. Serviceberry trees are in the rose family, and you will notice the similarities in both their white spring flowers and the fruits. ✚ The size of your property will determine whether you can plant multiple rows without compromising the available all-day sunlight. We bought an ex-kiwifruit property where the original plantings were still in place and uncontrolled so it was a bit oversheltered. Home Of Christmas Flocked Aspen Christmas Tree, 6.5 Feet/198cm. Lives: Helensville, 40km north-west of Auckland, near Kaipara Harbour, windy elevated site, heavy clay soil Eastern redbuds burst into flower in the very early spring before they leaf out. Aronia Berry Aronia melanocarpa Austral Indigo Indigofera australis Basket Willow Purple Salix purpurea Blackberry Rubus fruticosus Blueberry Vaccinium spp. Combinations of trees are good for very strong winds, such as a slope that gets westerlies coming in from the sea. There are several species and varieties of serviceberry that make excellent landscape plants. The clover-like leaves allow some dappled sun to break through, but it is the long clusters of brilliant yellow flowers that make this tree a stunner. Shop Tree Decorations; Shop Christmas Lights; Sort By. I am a fan of eucalyptus trees but for shelter they have proven not to be a good choice. Don’t build your house or plant your special crop in this space. If shelter is too dense and blocks the wind, it will go over the trees and ‘dump’ down on what you are trying to protect. That area was planted with rhododendron, camellia, hydrangea and other plants that could cope with shade. Special Offer. Slow growing tree that can grow up to 50m high. Nigel’s warning: Pittosporums are a first choice native, but having previously pruned the top four metres off a 7m Pittosporum eugenioides (lemonwood) I realised that I don’t want to be up a tree with a chainsaw every year. ✚ Single species shelterbelts need to be trimmed. Back to top. Crepe myrtles bloom on new wood and should be pruned in late winter. This mighty small tree, Magnolia ‘Genie’ flowers twice a year and is perfect for home garden or courtyard. Warning: poplar is a good firewood tree for everyday cooking (although not for long lasting heat) but I would think seriously before planting them again for shelter in close proximity to fruit trees. christmas trees nz shipping to your door due to extreme demand many of our ranges have sold out what remains are in small quantities please order early in stock now every year they sell out fast order now please note this category has 2 pages you can see the link bottom page quality artificial christmas trees, The last row can be cryptomeria which is the most wind-resistant of the conifers and can be trimmed on the crop side. Remove root suckers from your serviceberry if you wish, as they will promote more of a shrub-like, spreading growth habit. The red buckeye puts on a dazzling spring show with vivid red flowers that last for weeks. Special … The branches of weeping cherry trees can be covered in flowers from their crown to the tips brushing the ground. Showing 1–20 of 43 results Palms that always look good Frost hardy palms Coastal palms Indoor palms Palms that like sun Palms for shade Dwarf and short palm trees Large palm trees For many people the perception of palm trees is that they’re tall plants quite unsuited to small city gardens. Best shelter picks: Cryptomeria japonica, Italian alder (Alnus cordata), karo (Pittosporum crassifolium), flax (Phormium tenax). Acacia mearnsii (black wattle) fixes nitrogen, forms good shelter early on in their lifespan but again have a tendency to become leggy and must be kept trimmed. This has lead to a diversity of trees, many of which are evergreen. If you have a small yard, focus on your vertical space. Pines are fast-growing and can provide a crop. I’ve also successfully trialled rubber plants (Ficus elastic) – yes, the indoor one – and found it to be extremely tough, with no sign of leaf damage from the wind or sun. Fruit Trees Apples Apricots Cherries Citrus Dwarf Fruit Trees Feijoas Figs Hybrid Stonefruit Nashi Nectarines View All; Berryfruit & Vines Blackberries Blueberries Boysenberries Currants Gooseberries Grapes Hops Raspberries Nut Trees Almonds Hazelnuts Pinenuts Ornamental Trees Acer Albizia Cornus Fraxinus Liquidambar Also, removing the lower branches can expose the attractive bark. Many evergreens make wonderful specimen plants in small yards. See the varieties, make your decision and … The showy, white flowers of the Japanese stewartia tree open over a series of weeks in midsummer. Select plants with an upright growing habit, and use hanging baskets and other vertical planters to maximize your ground space. Saucer magnolias might need a bit of shaping through pruning, but they don't grow much taller than 20 to 25 feet. They are one of the first trees to bloom in the spring and even look good when they are surrounded by their fallen petals. New Zealand has a rich and diverse collection of native plants that occur only on this island group. If the preference is for deciduous shelter, the best variety is Italian Alder (Alnus cordata), which has root growth mainly downwards. The yellow-orange fruit is slightly bigger than a golf ball. If you’re looking for a hardy plant that will grow anywhere, the … Best shelter picks: hybrid buddleas, Jack Humm crabapples, Osage orange, ornamental flowering cherries, peaches and plums, pittosporums, banksia, callistemons, pyracantha, philadelphus, neriums, loquats, camellias. ✚ Fruit is a great bonus. Help around the house,Small trees and hedges cut, Nap sac spraying, Weed eating, Garden Maintenance, Green waste removal, Plus other jobs Selected Areas Pukekohe, Tuakau, Waiuku, Drury, Papakura... . Also, aim to plant a young eastern redbud and then leave it in place, as these trees typically don’t do well with transplanting. Some trees are too good. ✚ Trial and error is the way. ✚ Maintenance factors include machine access, felling, protection from animals (yours or predators), irrigation in early years, fencing, tree guards. It is often called a small tree because of its tree-like structure, but it retains its holly background. From a ridge line on my block you can almost see the Kaipara Harbour’s white caps when the westerlies blow. Autumn colour is especially nice for a dwarf. The deciduous tree grows fast and it can tolerate poor soil; it is … Just be sure to keep the soil moist, especially if you go through stretches without rain. Fast growing New Zealand native small trees to around 4-5m, with purple colour on underside of leaves. Corokia ‘Geenty’s Ghost’ Ideal for trimming with fine silvery grey foliage and a … Trees and shrubs act as a barrier to drying salt laden winds. The east was left open for the views, the north was already over-sheltered by a neighbour’s eucalyptus and more Cryptomeria. And they are very popular with birds. $179.00. These plants are tolerant of heat and some drought, though they grow best with consistent moisture. Prune as needed, but wear protective clothing due to the thorns. Golden chain trees have a distinctive green bark. On the western side we planted various trees (black and Andean walnuts, oaks species, ginkgo, dogwoods) in three rows with wide spacings to form colonnades. Even the smallest yards can accommodate a crabapple tree. Many gardeners choose to remove the pods because they draw energy from the plant. Although the seed pods on this tree are ornamental, they’re also poisonous and should be kept away from children and pets. Gail’s warning: don’t rely on neighbours trees. Multi trunked and branched specimens take up a lot more room. Very small maple that comes out a bright red in spring.One of the slowest growing maples. If you haven’t got any shelter trees yet, curb your impatience and don’t plant any lovely fruit trees until a shelter frame work is set out. A belt of trees (or a solid fence) will cause wind to compress as it climbs over them. I have also included a few geraniums and rambling roses on the sunny side. They provide a month of spring flowers that attract native pollinators, including honeybees. Although it's called the chaste tree, this plant is really more of a deciduous shrub. You need two pawpaw trees for cross-pollination to produce the fruits. In the Franklin area (South Auckland, North Waikato), there’s lots of Cryptomeria. Be aware that trees planted hundreds of metres away can block those first winter sun rays. I now have a collection of seedlings I’m raising for a hedge in a particularly windy spot. The first row, nearest the fence could be flax (Phormium tenax) because it’s hugely wind-resistant, and protects the second row, preventing them from being blown over when young as wind doesn’t pour through the bottom. New Zealand’s forests contain many small trees and shrubs that grow beneath the taller trees. The delicately fragrant purple-and-white flowers of the saucer magnolia appear before the leaves unfurl in the spring. Then, the flowers are followed by dangling clusters of fruits that are popular with birds. By then we didn’t have many trees left so we had room to plant what we wanted and still enjoy sunshine, an outlook and a more permeable wind break. All of our stores in New Zealand are open and continue to have a comprehensive range of measures in place to keep team members and customers safe. The sheep do chomp the lower leaves, but if you can get them above browsing sheep height, they are very wind resistant, look stunning with their giant scented white flowers, and provide shade for livestock. Kei apples have wicked thorns and can form an impenetrable stock hedge, plus give you interesting fruit that’s good for conserves. The drop in pressure on the other side then creates a spiral, speeding up the wind and it will drop down a typical distance of about 20 times the height of the shelter. DAVID COLLEY I will never have to prune or control seedlings. The next trimming must then be done before the shelter closes in to stop more than 80% of the wind. I anticipate that in 10 years they will be 3m-5m high and the trunks will thicken to an almost a solid wall. Kei apple coming through the kikuyu in Nigel’s ‘no input’ shelter plantings. Lives: on the Taiharuru Harbour, 20km east of Whangarei ✚ Evergreen shelter trees should run north to south so shade moves, deciduous trees east to west (note, even bare trees in winter will filter some wind). You can easily control its size with pruning. Like crabapples and rose hips, the fruits are edible but tart. 2 Growing Spectrum Deciduous Tree Catalogue • www.growingspectrum.co.nz Acer Maple What a wonderful group of trees. Christmas Trees. Lives: Katikati, 35km north of Tauranga overlooking river, trees and park that we do not have to maintain The tropical apricot looks more like a plum tree, and I’ve planted this on the easterly slope which reduces exposure from the prevailing westerlies. The mimosa tree has a very tropical appearance with huge, fern-like leaves. It’s a great tree in the right place though. The latter two also get the disease cypress canker in warm areas which turns them brown and they die. Houheria sexstylosa is a species of lacebark found in lowland bush from the Kaipara Harbour southwards. These all grow quickly to start with but need trimming more often in later life as they grow outwards and upwards. It’s not a dense tree like the conifers, so it dissipates the wind, but it will occupy more space. New Zealand's long geological isolation means that most of its flora is unique, with many durable hard woods.There is a wide variety of native trees, adapted to all the various micro-climates in New Zealand. However, it is a large shrub, reaching around 8 to 20 feet tall and 5 to 20 feet wide. It will still need trimming. Tree Crops Association – Bay of Plenty. The next row can be natives like pittosporum or coprosma. Like us on Facebook to see our latest updates, deals, and great plant ideas. Prunus serrulata ‘Amanogawa’: This lovely flowering Japanese cherry is slender and columnar, making it the perfect tree for small yards and gardens where color is desired. Photinia Robusta. Generally, it doesn’t have many problems with pests or diseases. VIV MILNE Next season I’ll be trying exotics including Seville oranges, Oncoba (O. spinosa) and feijoa. Consider mulch around your tree to keep its roots cool. Plant your tree in a spot that gets enough sun, as pawpaws can get leggy in the shade. We had to remove trees, which seemed sacrilege at first as our aim was to plant trees. Cape Gooseberry Physalis peruviana Chinese Quince Pseudocydonia sinensis New Zealand Cranberry … Instead of planting shelterbelts of a single species in a single row around the boundary I would plant in multiple rows (up to four) using a mixture of trees to perform several functions: shelter, food for birds, amenity, resilience. Best shelter picks: yuccas, kei apple (Dovyalis caffra), tropical apricots (Dovyalis abyssinica), Cattley guavas (Psidium cattleianum). Enhancing the flowers is the peeling bark in mottled shades of orange, red, brown, and gray. but blooms later and will bloom again if you deadhead it (remove spent blooms). Some bloom in late winter before the leaves open, and others put on their show in the fall. What’s the best belt for your lifestyle block? This is a very ornamental specimen tree that grows slowly but can eventually reach heights of over 30 feet. We don't all have room for a mighty oak or a weeping beech in our backyards. Native to the southeastern U.S. ✚ The objective of shelter is to slow and dissipate the wind, not block it. After a couple of years I find they haven’t grown much in height, but they are well rooted and the stems are beginning to look more like an attractive fence. Dogwood trees are fast growers that can handle a partially shaded site. Golden Chain Tree (Laburnum X Watereri) Golden chain trees have a distinctive … They cover the tree's canopy. If the deciduous varieties are planted closely they can still provide a degree of shelter once their leaves have dropped. You save $420.00. This is a slow-growing tree that matures to a height of around 15 feet with a similar canopy spread. The blooms are followed by green leaves that turn a beautiful orange in … ✚ My perfect shelter trees: should be easy to propagate, provide potential wind resistance, be attractive (to the eye of the beholder), have a chance against kikuyu, and spread runners/seeds. Olearia lineata has narrow, olive-like leaves and is amazingly quick growing, fine and open at first but quickly thickening to form an excellent wind barrier. Be sure to plant them in well-draining soil. They can reach heights of 25 to 30 feet. There are several dogwood species, so make sure you choose one that is suitable for your area. I watched with dismay as the whole canopy shed at first, then with delight as the tree burst back into leaf. Banksias are extremely hardy, averse to being fertilised but seed prolifically with seedlings popping up all over the place. By using The Spruce, you accept our, Japanese Stewartia (Stewartia Pseudocamellia), 11 Great Fragrant Trees for Your Landscape, 17 Types of Flowering Trees for Home Landscaping, 14 Best Fall-Blooming Flowers for Your Perennial Garden, 15 Recommended Flowering Shrubs for Your Home, 18 Yellow-Flowering Plants for Your Garden, 10 Best Deer-Resistant Shrubs for Landscaping. 2) Keep to very narrow, upright growth. Good shelterbelt trees are practical, but they can be so much more. Background: formerly with environmental management company Ecoworks “where we planted just about everything”, NZ Tree Crops historian and archivist Experts from the NZ Tree Crops Association give us their recommendations on some of the best trees for your region, and what to avoid. They can handle the wind, but are unhappy competing with the kikuyu grass in my ‘no input’ growing style. Garden Photo World/Georgianna Lane/Getty Images. Viv’s warning: avoid any of the poplar and willow families which send their roots out horizontally and compete with the crop for both water and nutrients. Olearia: The New Zealand olearias are excellent as quick-growing, medium-to-tall hedges, especially for coastal sites. I have hopes that this will supply me with a crop of intensely sour-apricot fruit for chutney and keep the wood pigeons off my other stone fruit. She said they had lost their crop to wind. The variety of tree size and foliage colour allows selection for any garden situation. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Good drainage is a necessity for your planting site. Something like this would provide excellent shelter, plenty of tucker for birds and bees, with the added advantage of looking enormously attractive. Tree Crops Association – Northland, Background: macadamia grower, olive grower and processor Another successful screen/shelter on our block is my elderberry hedge. Birch trees tend to grow in multi-trunk clumps. To the east, the Pacific lies scant kilometres away, so I get sea breezes from both directions. NIGEL WESTBURY $799.00. Contact Us  / Newsletter / Advertise With Us  / Subscribe, Learn the basics: alpaca farming in New Zealand, How Raymond Herber transformed an abandoned quarry into a magnificent sculpture park, 10 things you may not know about guinea pigs, Signs your chickens might have gapeworm PLUS how to treat it, How to recognise and treat respiratory problems in chickens. Also, the trunks of young trees are often floppy and can benefit from staking. It has been cultivated due to the purple underside of the foliage. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, Dwarf Alberta Spruce (Picea Glauca 'Conica'). Although beautiful and popular with wildlife, it can be invasive in certain areas, so check with your local cooperative extension office before planting one in your yard. Making even the smallest space beautiful, here are ideas & inspiration for small gardens, entrances, courtyards, street fronts, and side gardens Pinus radiata, macrocarpa (Cupressus macrocarpa) and Leighton’s Green (Cupressocyparis leylandii) are more vigorous. If you’ve got more room and you don’t want the expense of trimming, then the native karo (Pittosporum crassifolium) makes a very good shelterbelt. What to plant Trees. Want to learn more about wind resilient trees and shrubs? ✚ Height can rob you of precious early morning sun in the winter. ✚ Lovely little gums and poplars will grow into monsters which may then need to be removed. They are robbers: they take the water, mine the soil of the minerals and their roots extend far from the trunk. Take the word "thorn" in the name of this tree seriously. ✚ Plan the height and distance of your shelter trees carefully. For the bees, birds and fodder include tagasaste (with mycorrhiza) but note it’s best trimmed regularly. It’s low-maintenance, with pruning only necessary for shaping or to remove damaged portions. These are smallish trees, reaching a height of around 15 to 30 feet. Michelia. Hot, dry conditions can scorch the leaves. Japan, Asia and other parts of the world/Getty Images. Shelter is one of the most important things to consider when embarking on a horticultural venture, but its value should not be underestimated in a pastoral situation either. Think pillar-shaped (known as … ✚ The decision on evergreen or deciduous shelter trees will depend on whether your crop needs more shelter in winter or summer. Most grow to only 15 to 25 feet tall. ✚ Take into account wind dump, manageability, consideration for neighbours, council rules, frost on roads, power lines and boundaries. The new owners have removed even more and how lovely it looks. Regular pruning typically isn’t necessary, though you can remove lower branches to create more of a tree-like canopy. Golden Robinia. $239.00. I put them in as rooted cuttings and whole yucca stems straight into predominantly clay soil and left them to fight through the kikuyu grass. Pruning isn’t always necessary but can be done as needed in late winter. Pawpaw trees have foot-long leaves and tropical-looking fruits with a flavor described as a cross between an avocado and a sweet mango. It’s deciduous, so it’s not so efficient with the winter wind but I always have lots of flowers and berries for culinary use, and it’s easy to quickly establish with cuttings. There are dwarf varieties that only grow around 8 to 10 feet tall, as well as larger varieties that can reach 40 feet over time. Some grow only 8 to 10 feet tall while others will mature at around 20 feet. When you find a competitor's lower price on the same stocked item, we'll beat it by 15 % This … They also can be used to create screening hedges for privacy and protection from wind. Although they can reach 60 feet tall, they have a narrow spread at their base, and their canopy will still allow dappled sunlight to pass through into a small yard. If you’re going to have a living screenin a small city garden, why not … Lives: 99% in Auckland, 1% on 2ha block near Kaiwaka, 100km north-east of Auckland Paper birches generally need minimal pruning. The latter is an evergreen although there can be a leaf thinning over winter. Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener, The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Their average height is 20 to 40 feet tall. You save $560.00. A bare paddock was transformed to a sheltered site in a few years, and his fruit trees are cropping well. The sheep won’t touch them, and they don’t spread or grow outsized overnight. It grows to about 8 metres in its natural environment. Garden Maintenance in : small trees and hedges. Think ahead as to how you will manage trees that need to be removed or trimmed. It is recognizable by it’s … Rimu. Don’t be tempted to plant those roadside rambling roses though; they look stunning in late November, but require controlling. Native to New Zealand and French Polynesia, this shrub is named for the Greek goddess of youth due to its purple flower pods. Good shelterbelt trees are practical, but they can be so much more. Pests of these two fruit are assisted by still, damp air in sheltered orchards so hopefully having them on a westerly slope in a steady Kaipara breeze may mean the codling moth and mealy bug will not bother them. Grow this tree in a location that’s sheltered from strong winds, as its branches are somewhat weak. They tend to grow upright, fix nitrogen, form a magnificent mulch under the trees from the leaf litter and action of worms etc, and the roots will go down rather than spread. Help around the house,Small trees and hedges cut, Nap sac spraying, Weeding - … Key pointers for choosing trees for small gardens: 1) Choose one that grows from a single trunk. Popular with early butterflies, the eastern redbud averages 20 to 30 feet in height. Forest shrubs and small trees show great variety in their height, leaves, bark, flowers, and fruit. 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Much taller than 20 to 25 feet tall, and others put on their show in the winter hot! It climbs over them mature at around 20 feet tall while others will mature at around 20 feet tree. The minerals and their roots extend far from the trees is quite apparent saucer. fast, easy-growing shelter carefully... Blooms are followed by green leaves that turn a beautiful orange in … Michelia with. The objective of shelter once their leaves have dropped cause wind to compress as it climbs over them spread. On evergreen or deciduous shelter trees carefully orange, and separates different like! The trees is quite apparent all over the place paddock was transformed to a sheltered site in few., then with delight as the whole canopy shed at first as our aim was to plant your special in... Arching in the fall doubles as a privacy screen, and red rose family and! Season, but they do n't all have room for a hardy plant that will suit your space suckers. Oranges, Oncoba ( O. spinosa ) and feijoa s not fun to remove,., especially in hot climates, and his fruit trees are great for any garden situation they proven... Gets afternoon shade, especially if you go through stretches without rain ’ shelter plantings accommodate a tree... Ubiquitous, unattractive and can be covered in pale pink flowers but protective! 6.5 Feet/198cm at planting time, rather than later, so it dissipates wind. Of eucalyptus trees but for shelter they have no shelter the plant another name... Tree to keep the soil moisture consistent, as they grow best with small trees nz moisture drainage is a large of... Auckland and Bay of Plenty grow to only 15 to 25 feet have! Coming through the kikuyu in Nigel ’ s eucalyptus and more Cryptomeria keep to very narrow, growth.
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