The reign of Akbar (1556-1605) witnessed the development of the mughal architecture. ‘An Introduction to the Historical, Architectural and Hydraulic Studies of the Mughal Garden’. Akbar, the first long-ruling Mughal emperor, built far and wide. The most important features of the Mughal monuments in India are the bulbous domes with constricted necks, the slender minarets with cupolas at the four corners, large halls, massive vaulted gateways and delicate ornamentation. Mughal architecture combined Islamic, Persian, Turkish, and Indian styles of the time and most buildings share general characteristics. Hillenbrand, Robert. Mughal Art and Architecture: Features; Architectural Development; Mughal Paintings Under the patronage of Mughals, the architecture became more grandiose while retaining its elegance. 1996. 3) White marble was greatly favored as building material, followed by red sandstone. The Unique Features Of Mughal Architecture. London: Thames and Hudson. 2008. One of the best ways to find out more about the Mughal era of India is through its architecture. The symmetrical design palpable from the monuments, buildings and courtyards built during the Mughal reign forms one of the central features of Mughal architecture. The Mughal architecture is a distinctive Indo-Islamic architectural style which combines the characteristics of the Persian, Turkish, and the Indian style. Characteristics of Mughal architecture Main features of Mughal Architecture are as follow: Variety of buildings: The Mughal rulers built magnificent gates, forts, mausoleums, mosques, palaces, public buildings and tombs etc. This new style combined elements of Islamic art and architecture, which had been introduced to India during the Delhi Sultanate (1192–1398) and had produced great monuments such as the Qutb Minar, with features of Persian art and architecture. It consolidated Islam in South Asia, and spread Muslim (and particularly Persian) arts and culture as well as the faith. The salient features of Mughal architecture are the pronounced dome, slender turrets at the corners, the palace halls supported on pillars and the Indo-Saracen gate which takes the form of a huge semi-dome sunk in the front wall bearing an admirable proportion to the building while the actual entrance is a small rectangular opening under the arch. East and West 46:3-4. Introduction MUGHAL ARCHITECTURE • The Mughal (or Mogul) Empire ruled most of India and Pakistan in the 16th and 17th centuries. Mughal monuments are found chiefly in N India, but there are also many remains in Pakistan. Viewers can identify these structures by their wide domes, flanked by tall towers. southasia.ucla.edu/culture/architecture/mughal-architecture Cities such as Agra in Uttar Pradesh, and Delhi in Rajasthan both boast well preserved palatial properties and fortresses; no wonder they … 2) Mughal architecture featured domes, minarets with cupolas, grandly constructed gateways, and ornamental design. 2006. The Complete Taj Mahal and the Riverfront Gardens of Agra. Khan, Makin. • The Mughals were Muslims who ruled a country with a large Hindu majority. Mughal architecture in India. ‘Mughal Architecture Explored.’ South Asian Studies 12. 1996. Koch, Ebba. ———. This is more discernable from the symmetrically designed towns and forts built by Akbar, the great Mughal emperor of the 16th century. Muslim ( and particularly Persian ) arts and culture as well as the faith era of is... ) arts and culture as well as the faith were Muslims who ruled a country with a large majority! 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